Venus (Goddess of love) In the Greek Mythology Aphrodite
As the goddess of love, Venus is the "queen of pleasure" and mother of the Roman people. Possibly the daughter of Jupiter, she was the daughter of Dione. Venus was the wife of Vulcan, god of metalwork, but she was often unfaithful to him. Among her many lovers were Mars, the god of war; and the handsome shepherd Adonis. Venus was also the mother (by Mercury) of Cupid, god of love. She was the goddess of chastity in women, despite the fact that she had many affairs with both gods and mortals. As Venus Genetrix, she was worshiped as the mother (by Anchises) of the hero Aeneas, the founder of the Roman people; as Venus Felix, the bringer of good fortune; as Venus Victrix, the bringer of victory; and as Venus Verticordia, the protector of feminine chastity. Venus is also a nature goddess, associated with the arrival of spring. She is the bringer of joy to gods and humans. Venus really had no myths of her own but was so closely identified with the Greek Aphrodite that she "took over" Aphrodite's myths.

Mercurius (God of trade) In the Greek Mythology Hermes
Mercury was the son of Jupiter and of Maia, the daughter of the Titan Atlas. He was the messenger of the gods. Mercury was also the god of merchants and of trading, and shared many of the attributes of the Greek god Hermes.He was often depicted holding a purse, to symbolize his business functions.

Mars (God of the war) In the Greek Mythology Ares
The son of Jupiter and Juno, he was the god of war. Mars was regarded as the father of the Roman people because he was the father of Romulus, the legendary founder of Rome, and husband to Bellona. He was the most prominent of the military gods that were worshipped by the Roman legions. The martial Romans considered him second in importance only to Jupiter. His festivals were held in March (named for him) and October. Mars was identified with the Greek Ares.

Jupiter (Father of the Roman gods) In the Greek Mythology Zeus
King of the Roman gods, son of Saturn (whom he overthrew) and Ops, brother and husband of Juno. He was particularly concerned with oaths, treaties, confederations and with the most ancient and sacred form of marriage. Jupiter, the name, is derived from the same root word as Zeus (bright). He was improperly called Jove also. Originally the god of the sky, Jupiter was worshiped as god of rain, thunder, and lightning. He developed into the prime protector of the state, and as the protector of Rome he was called Jupiter Optimus Maximus. As Jupiter Fidius he was guardian of law, defender of truth, and protector of justice and virtue. The Romans identified Jupiter with Zeus, the supreme god of the Greeks, and assigned to the Roman god the attributes and myths of the Greek divinity; the Jupiter of Latin literature, therefore, has many Greek characteristics, but the Jupiter of Roman religious worship remained substantially untouched by the Greek influence. With the goddeses Juno and Minerva, Jupiter formed the triad whose worship was the central cult of the Roman state.

Neptunus (God of the sea) In the Greek Mythology Poseidon
Son of Saturn, and brother to Jupiter and Pluto. God of the sea. Usually shown carrying a trident and rising from the sea.His Greek mythology counterpart was Poseidon.
Apollo (God of the sun) In the Greek Mythology Apollo

Apollo was the son of Jupiter and Latona. His twin sister was Diana. He was the god of music, playing a golden lyre. The Archer, far shooting with a silver bow. The god of healing who taught man medicine. The god of light. The god of truth, who can not speak a lie. One of Apollo's more important daily tasks was to harness his chariot with four horses an drive the Sun across the sky. His tree was the laurel. The crow his bird. The dolphin his animal.



Cupido (God of love) In the Greek Mythology Eros
The son of Venus, goddess of love. His Greek mythology counterpart was Eros, god of love. The most famous myth about Cupid is the one that documents his romance with Psyche: Psyche was a beautiful princess. Venus, jealous of Psyche's beauty, ordered her son Cupid, god of love, to make Psyche fall in love with the ugliest man in the world. Instead, he fell in love with her, and spirited her away to a secluded palace where he visited her only at night, unseen and unrecognized by her. He forbade her to ever look upon his face, but one night while he was asleep she lit a lamp and looked at him. Cupid then abandoned her and she was left to wander the world, in misery, searching for him. Finally Cupid repented and had Jupiter make her immortal so they could be together forever.
Pluto (God of the death) In the Greek Mythology Hades
God of the dead, the abductor and later the husband of Proserpine. Pluto assisted his two brothers, Jupiter and Neptune, in overthrowing their father, Saturn. They then divided the world among themselves, with Jupiter choosing the earth and the heavens as his realm, Neptune becoming the ruler of the sea, and Pluto receiving the lower world as his kingdom. He was originally considered a fierce and unyielding god, deaf to prayers and unappeased by sacrifices. Later the belief arose in which the milder and more beneficent aspects of the god were stressed. He was believed to be the bestower of the blessings hidden in the earth, such as mineral wealth and crops. He was the Latin counterpart of the Greek god Hades.


Bacchus (God of wine) In the Greek Mythology Dionysus

In Greek and Roman mythology, the god of wine and ecstasy, identified with Dionysus, the Greek god of wine, and Liber, the Roman god of wine. His followers were mostly women who celebrated in a rite that gave us the modern term Bacchanalia. His feasts were drunken euphoria-filled revelries that sometimes led to bloodshed. The name Bacchus came into use in ancient Greece during the 5th century bc. It refers to the loud cries with which he was worshiped at the Bacchanalia, frenetic celebrations in his honor. These events, which supposedly originated in spring nature festivals, became occasions for licentiousness and intoxication, at which the celebrants danced, drank, and generally debauched themselves. The Bacchanalia became more and more extreme and were prohibited by the Roman Senate in 186 bc. Befana